Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Role of School Social Support and School Social Climate in Dating Violence Prevention among Adolescents in Europe

Version 1 : Received: 21 October 2020 / Approved: 22 October 2020 / Online: 22 October 2020 (12:07:46 CEST)

How to cite: Jankowiak, B.; Jaskulska, S.; Sanz-Barbero, B.; Ayala, A.; Pyżalski, J.; Bowes, N.; De Claire, K.; Neves, S.; Topa, J.; Rodríguez Blázquez, C.; Davó-Blanes, M.C.; Rosati, N.; Cinque, M.; Mocanu, V.; Ioan, B.; Chmura-Rutkowska, I.; Waszyńska, K.; Vives-Cases, C. The Role of School Social Support and School Social Climate in Dating Violence Prevention among Adolescents in Europe. Preprints 2020, 2020100462 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0462.v1). Jankowiak, B.; Jaskulska, S.; Sanz-Barbero, B.; Ayala, A.; Pyżalski, J.; Bowes, N.; De Claire, K.; Neves, S.; Topa, J.; Rodríguez Blázquez, C.; Davó-Blanes, M.C.; Rosati, N.; Cinque, M.; Mocanu, V.; Ioan, B.; Chmura-Rutkowska, I.; Waszyńska, K.; Vives-Cases, C. The Role of School Social Support and School Social Climate in Dating Violence Prevention among Adolescents in Europe. Preprints 2020, 2020100462 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0462.v1).

Abstract

(1) To analyse the potential association between school social support CECSCE and school social climate CASSS and experiences of dating violence among adolescents in Europe; (2) Cross-sectional design. We recruited 1,555 participants age 13-16 from secondary schools in Spain, Italy, Romania, Portugal, Poland and UK. The analysis in this text concerns student with dating experience (n=993) (57.2% of girls and 66.5% of boys). The association of the exposure to physical and/ or sexual dating violence, control dating violence and fear was measured by calculating the prevalence ratios (PR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI), estimated by Poisson regression models with robust variance. All the models were adjusted by country and by sociodemografic variables; (3) The results show that the average values of all types of social support are significantly lower in young people who have suffered any type of dating violence or were scared of their partner. The likelihood of suffering physical and/or sexual dating violence decreased when CECSCE increased [PR (CI95%): 0.96 (0.92; 0.99)]. In the same way, the likelihood of fear decreased when CASSS classmates increased [PR (CI95%): 0.98 (0.96; 0.99)]; (4) There is an association between school social support and school social climate and experiences of dating violence among adolescents in Europe. Our results suggest that in the prevention of dating violence, building a supportive climate at schools and building / using the support of peers and teachers should be important.

Subject Areas

adolescents; dating violence; school social climate; school social support

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