Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Maize Yield Components as Affected by Plant Population, Planting Date, Crop Growing Season and Soil Coverings in Brazil

Version 1 : Received: 3 October 2020 / Approved: 5 October 2020 / Online: 5 October 2020 (10:42:56 CEST)

How to cite: Beruski, G.C.; Schiebelbein, L.M.; Pereira, A.B. Maize Yield Components as Affected by Plant Population, Planting Date, Crop Growing Season and Soil Coverings in Brazil. Preprints 2020, 2020100061 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0061.v1). Beruski, G.C.; Schiebelbein, L.M.; Pereira, A.B. Maize Yield Components as Affected by Plant Population, Planting Date, Crop Growing Season and Soil Coverings in Brazil. Preprints 2020, 2020100061 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0061.v1).

Abstract

The potential yield of annual crops is affected by management practices and water and energy availabilities throughout the crop season. The current work aimed to assess the effects of plant population and soil covering on yield components of maize. Field experiments were carried out during 2014-15 and 2015-16 growing seasons at areas grown with oat straw, voluntary plants and bare soil, considering five different plant populations (40,000, 60,000, 80,000, 100,000 and 120,000 plants ha-1) and three sowing dates (15 Sep., 30 Oct., 15 Dec.) for the hybrid P30F53YH in Ponta Grossa, State of Parana, Brazil. Non-impacts of soil covering or plant population on plant height at the flowering phenological stage were observed. Significant effects of soil covering on crop physiological and yield components responses throughout the 2014-15 season were detected. Influence of plant populations on yield components was evidenced, suggesting that from 80,000 plants ha-1 the P30F53YH hybrid performs a compensatory effect among assessed yield components in such a way as to not compromise productivity insofar as plant population increases up to 120,000 plants ha-1. It was noticed a positive trend of yield components and crop final yield as a function of plant density increments.

Subject Areas

Zea mays L; cropping system; sowing date; maize yield; multi-variated analysis

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