Preprint Brief Report Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Psychological Distress among a National Sample of In-School Adolescents in Bhutan

Version 1 : Received: 28 September 2020 / Approved: 29 September 2020 / Online: 29 September 2020 (12:47:53 CEST)

How to cite: Pengpid, S.; Peltzer, K. Prevalence and Associated Factors of Psychological Distress among a National Sample of In-School Adolescents in Bhutan. Preprints 2020, 2020090710 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0710.v1). Pengpid, S.; Peltzer, K. Prevalence and Associated Factors of Psychological Distress among a National Sample of In-School Adolescents in Bhutan. Preprints 2020, 2020090710 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0710.v1).

Abstract

The goal of the study was to estimate the prevalence and correlates of psychological distress (=PD) among adolescent school children in Bhutan. Nationally representative cross-sectional data were analysed from 7,576 adolescents (16 years median age) that took part in the “2016 Bhutan Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS).” PD was assessed with a 2-item screening measure (BMC Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1186/s12888-020-02888-3). Results indicate that the prevalence of PD was 15.8%, 12.8% among males and 18.4% among females. In adjusted logistic regression analysis, female sex, having no close friends, older age, bullying victimization, infrequently physically attacked, parental emotional neglect, parents never check home work, passive smoking trouble from alcohol use, ever had sex, high sedentary behaviour and having sustained a single or multiple serious injuries (past year) were associated with PD. In addition, adequate fruit and vegetable consumptions was protective against PD. Almost one in six students reported PD and several associated factors were identified which can aid prevention and control strategies.

Subject Areas

psychological distress; determinants; adolescents; Bhutan

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