Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Impact of COVID-19 Outbreak on the Tourism Needs of Algerian Population

Version 1 : Received: 25 September 2020 / Approved: 26 September 2020 / Online: 26 September 2020 (13:19:47 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Madani, A.; Boutebal, S.E.; Benhamida, H.; Bryant, C.R. The Impact of Covid-19 Outbreak on the Tourism Needs of the Algerian Population. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8856. Madani, A.; Boutebal, S.E.; Benhamida, H.; Bryant, C.R. The Impact of Covid-19 Outbreak on the Tourism Needs of the Algerian Population. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8856.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2020, 12, 8856
DOI: 10.3390/su12218856

Abstract

This research aims to understand the vision and the reaction of the population towards tourism and holidays during this period of the COVID-19 pandemic. It investigates also the tourist needs of the Algerian population after the closure of international borders. Methods: The data were collected using mixed quantitative and qualitative methods through a questionnaire applied to 203 people in different regions of Algeria (a North African country) from 1st June to 13 July 2020. Results: The needs of Algerian tourists are characterized by a great need for leisure to relieve psychological stress caused by COVID-19 (M = 25.33) among the study sample (p <0.05). The results also show an average need to rationalize the costs of tourist services (M = 5.26) according to the respondents (p <0.01). This is in addition to the great need (M = 7.75) among respondents (p <0.05) of the awareness that the tourism sector can contribute to the economic recovery in Algeria after the confinement period. About 75.86% of respondents demand the cleanliness of tourist sites, while 69.95% recommend improving safety because of the size of tourist sites in the Algerian territory and also measures related to social distancing. The results show that 53.69% of respondents preferred the month of August to go on vacation, 29.06% chose the month of September, and 17.25% would prefer the months of October, November and December since they expect a reduction in the risks of the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the tourism needs of the Algerian population, which has become increasingly aware of the consequences of the pandemic in relation to their health and on the country's economy. These results can help the authorities of the tourism sector to better understand and identify the tourism needs of this population in the current period and after the COVID-19 pandemic.

Subject Areas

COVID-19; pandemic; tourism; tourist behavior; tourism sustainability

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