Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Pilot Study: Development of an Electronic Training System and Guidance of Visually Disabled Athletes

Version 1 : Received: 27 August 2020 / Approved: 30 August 2020 / Online: 30 August 2020 (10:48:05 CEST)

How to cite: Trapp, A.; Tosim, A.; Miyake Okumura, M.L.; Junior, O.C.; Rudek, M.; Siqueira, G.G.; Borin, J.P. A Pilot Study: Development of an Electronic Training System and Guidance of Visually Disabled Athletes. Preprints 2020, 2020080652 Trapp, A.; Tosim, A.; Miyake Okumura, M.L.; Junior, O.C.; Rudek, M.; Siqueira, G.G.; Borin, J.P. A Pilot Study: Development of an Electronic Training System and Guidance of Visually Disabled Athletes. Preprints 2020, 2020080652

Abstract

The lack of the sensory senses, especially vision - total or partial - is directly linked to oscillations perceptions of the body movement. It is possible compensate the loss of orientation and balance of people with visual impairment through correct stimuli of sports practice. This research presents the functionality evaluation and validation of an electronic location system prototype developed based on Assistive Tecnology to help improve the performance of athletes with visual impairment. It consisted of three phases: (I)) preliminary assessment of the electronic location system prototype funcntionality; II) preliminary tests of users’performance (agility and speed) in relation to the electronic location system; and III) assessement and validation of the electronic location system prototype through the sound localization test-comparison between the electronic location system and the current resources used for athletes’ auditory perception. The collected data were analyzed through the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences-SPSS for Windows environment application. The preliminary tests of agility and speed applied to verify the electronic location system prototype funcionality showed that athletes with VD were able to identify and locate clearly the source of the sound and move up towards the source without help from people with normal vision.The sound location test showed that electronic location system prototype presented best performance comparing to the other resources tested and is reliable on distances that are similar to the goalball or five-a-side football fields, giving to the athletes better orientation and response time, which consequently would improve their performance in the training sessions. Although this results are preliminary, they demonstrate that the use of the electronic location system tends to enhance spatial perception and consequently will influence the performance of their physical abilities, improving the quality of evaluations, trainings and performances of the athletes with visual disability.

Subject Areas

Assistive Technology; Visual impairment; Adapted Sports

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