Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Two New Localities of Astyanax Cavefish Plus Revision of its Biogeography

Version 1 : Received: 14 August 2020 / Approved: 17 August 2020 / Online: 17 August 2020 (10:28:27 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Espinasa, L.; Ornelas-García, C.P.; Legendre, L.; Rétaux, S.; Best, A.; Gamboa-Miranda, R.; Espinosa-Pérez, H.; Sprouse, P. Discovery of Two New Astyanax Cavefish Localities Leads to Further Understanding of the Species Biogeography. Diversity 2020, 12, 368. Espinasa, L.; Ornelas-García, C.P.; Legendre, L.; Rétaux, S.; Best, A.; Gamboa-Miranda, R.; Espinosa-Pérez, H.; Sprouse, P. Discovery of Two New Astyanax Cavefish Localities Leads to Further Understanding of the Species Biogeography. Diversity 2020, 12, 368.

Journal reference: Diversity 2020, 12, 368
DOI: 10.3390/d12100368

Abstract

The Astyanax species complex has two morphs: a blind, depigmented morph which inhabits caves in México and an eyed, pigmented surface-dwelling morph. The eyed morph can also be found in caves, sometimes hybridizing with the cave morph. This species complex has arguably become the most prominent model system among cave organisms for the study of evolutionary development and genomics. Before this study, 32 caves were known to be inhabited by the cave morph, 30 of them within the El Abra region. The purpose of this study was to conduct new surveys of the area and to assess some unconfirmed reports of caves presumably inhabited by troglomorphic fish. We describe two new localities, Sótano del Toro #2 and Sótano de La Calera. These two caves make a single hydric system together with the previously described cave of Sótano del Toro. The system is inhabited by a mixed population of troglomorphic, epigeomorphic and presumably hybrid fish. Furthermore, Astyanax cavefish and the mysid shrimp Spelaeomysis quinterensis show a phylogeographic convergence that supports the notion that the central Sierra de El Abra is a biogeographical region that has influenced the evolutionary history of its aquatic community across species. The presumptive location of its boundaries, which may limit cave-to-cave or surface-to-cave gene flow, are identified.

Subject Areas

Astyanax; Spelaeomysis; Troglomexicanus; Speocirolana; Toro cave; Sierra de El Abra; troglomorphy; troglobite; stygobite

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