Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Epidemiology of Livestock and Poultry Diseases in Jhenaidah district of Bangladesh

Version 1 : Received: 5 August 2020 / Approved: 5 August 2020 / Online: 5 August 2020 (15:37:06 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Sayeed MA, Islam B, Nahar N, Bari MS, Sultana S, Arfn S,Haldar PK, Islam A (2020). Epidemiology of livestock and poultry diseases in Jhenaidah district of Bangladesh. Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 8(8): 804-812. Sayeed MA, Islam B, Nahar N, Bari MS, Sultana S, Arfn S,Haldar PK, Islam A (2020). Epidemiology of livestock and poultry diseases in Jhenaidah district of Bangladesh. Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 8(8): 804-812.

Journal reference: Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences 2020, 8, 804-812
DOI: 10.17582/journal.aavs/2020/8.8.804.812

Abstract

A descriptive epidemiological study has been conducted using hospital database of Teaching Veterinary Hospital (TVH) at Jhenaidah Government Veterinary College (JGVC) from July 2018 to June 2019. The study aimed to estimate the proportionate prevalence of different livestock and poultry diseases along with their spatiotemporal distribution and drug prescribing pattern. A total of 960 clinical cases were recorded during the study period. Ectoparasitic cases were proportionately higher in cattle (25.2%), whereas Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) cases were more frequent in goat (53.4%). The proportionate prevalence of other cases in cattle was Fascioliasis (14.3%), Myiasis (11.2%) and Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) (7.2%). The proportionate prevalence of other cases in goats were vitamin and mineral deficiency (12.3%), bloat (5.2%), abscess (4.7%), and dog bite (1.2%). Again, the proportionate prevalence of poultry diseases was Infectious Bursal Disease (41.2%), salmonellosis (33.4%), fowl cholera (13.7%) and pox (7.8%). Most of the cattle cases were highly prevalent during the summer season except fascioliasis. In goat, PPR was predominated in the rainy season whereas myiasis was in the winter. Around 92% of disease cases were spatially located within the 2.5 km radius of the TVH of JGVC where only 0.9% of disease cases came from >10km away from TVH of JGVC. Simple linear regression identified a significant relation (p=0.01) with the distance and number of diseased animals came to the hospital. Antimicrobials belonging to b-Lactam group were most frequently prescribed for both poultry (48.6%), cattle (32.5%) followed by goat (9.2%), however sulfar drugs (34.8%) were commonly prescribed for goat cases. This type of study is very novel in Jhenaidah region of Bangladesh that might contribute to the researchers for further investigation.

Subject Areas

Proportionate prevalence; spatial distribution; antibiotics; supportive therapy; Jhenaidah

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.