Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Sulfated Polysaccharides From Sea Algae as the Basis of Modern Biotechnologies for Creating Wound Coverings: Current Achievements and Coming Prospects

Version 1 : Received: 13 July 2020 / Approved: 14 July 2020 / Online: 14 July 2020 (03:37:56 CEST)

How to cite: Andryukov, B.; Besednova, N.; Kuznetsova, T.; Zaporozhets, T.; Ermakova, S.; Zvyagintseva, T.; Chengizova, E.; Gazha, A.; Smolina, T. Sulfated Polysaccharides From Sea Algae as the Basis of Modern Biotechnologies for Creating Wound Coverings: Current Achievements and Coming Prospects. Preprints 2020, 2020070284 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0284.v1). Andryukov, B.; Besednova, N.; Kuznetsova, T.; Zaporozhets, T.; Ermakova, S.; Zvyagintseva, T.; Chengizova, E.; Gazha, A.; Smolina, T. Sulfated Polysaccharides From Sea Algae as the Basis of Modern Biotechnologies for Creating Wound Coverings: Current Achievements and Coming Prospects. Preprints 2020, 2020070284 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0284.v1).

Abstract

Wound healing involves a complex cascade of cellular, molecular, and biochemical responses and signaling processes. It consists of successive interrelated phases, the duration of which depends on multifactorial processes. Wound treatment is a major healthcare issue that can be resolved by development of effective and affordable wound dressings based on natural materials and biologically active substances. Proper use of modern wound dressings can significantly accelerate wound healing with minimal cosmetic defects. The innovative biotechnologies for creating modern natural interactive dressings are based on sulfated polysaccharides from seaweeds with their unique structures and biological properties, the availability of their sources in the form of wild bushes, and in the form of aquaculture, as well as with a high potential for participation in process control wound healing. These natural biopolymers are a novel and promising biologically active source for designing wound dressings based on alginates, fucoidans, carrageenans, and ulvans, which serve as active and effective therapeutic tools. The aim of this review is to summarize available information about the modern wound dressing’s technologies based on seaweed-derived polysaccharides, including those successfully implemented in commercial products, with the emphasis on promising and innovative designs. The further prospect of using marine biopolymers is related to the need to analyze the results of numerous in vitro and in vivo experiments, summarize clinical trial data, develop a scientifically based approach and relevant practical recommendations for the treatment of wounds.

Subject Areas

seaweed; sulfated polysaccharides; alginates; fucoidans; carrageenans; ulvans; wound dressing; wounds

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