Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Comparing Lung CT in COVID-19 Pneumonia and Acute Heart Failure: An Imaging Conundrum

Version 1 : Received: 29 May 2020 / Approved: 31 May 2020 / Online: 31 May 2020 (16:49:04 CEST)

How to cite: Suciadi, L.P.; William, Y.; Jorizal, P.; Tarigan, V.N.; Santoso, A.H.; Henrina, J.; Tedjasukmana, F.; Marliani Kristanti, N. Comparing Lung CT in COVID-19 Pneumonia and Acute Heart Failure: An Imaging Conundrum. Preprints 2020, 2020050483 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0483.v1). Suciadi, L.P.; William, Y.; Jorizal, P.; Tarigan, V.N.; Santoso, A.H.; Henrina, J.; Tedjasukmana, F.; Marliani Kristanti, N. Comparing Lung CT in COVID-19 Pneumonia and Acute Heart Failure: An Imaging Conundrum. Preprints 2020, 2020050483 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0483.v1).

Abstract

Background: Lung CT provides an effective modality to evaluate patients with suspected COVID-19. However, overlapping imaging findings with cardiogenic pulmonary oedema have been reported. Reports comparing lung CT features of these diseases have not been elaborated. Thus, we aimed to investigate these gaps in the knowledge regarding low-dose lung CT features of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia with those with acute heart failure (HF). Methods: This retrospective analysis enrolled hospitalized patients with COVID-19 (n=10) and acute heart failure (n=9) that exclusively underwent low-dose lung CT scans within 24-hours of admission. Clinical and lung CT characteristics were collected and analysed. Results: Ground-glass-opacities (GGO) appearance has been recorded in all subjects in HF and COVID-19 group. There was no significant statistical difference between the two groups for rounded morphology, consolidation, crazy paving pattern, lesion distribution, parenchymal band (P> 0.05). However, diffuse lesions were more frequent in HF cases (55.6% vs. 0%) than in COVID-19 pneumonia, which had predominantly multifocal pattern. Notably, CT images in HF patients were more likely to have signs of interstitial tissue thickening such as the interlobular septums, fissures and peribronchovascular interstitium (55.6% vs 0%, 88.9% vs 20% and 44.4% vs 0%,respectively), as well as cardiomegaly (77.8% vs 0%), increased artery to bronchus ratio (55.6% vs 0%), and pleural effusions (77.8% vs 0%). Conclusions: Major overlaps of lung CT imaging features existed between COVID-19 pneumonia and acute HF cases. However, signs of fluid redistribution are clues that favour HF over COVID-19 pneumonia.

Subject Areas

Lung CT; imaging; COVID-19; Pneumonia; Heart Failure

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