Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Characterization of Ionospheric Scintillation Index over Low Latitude: Nepal Region

Version 1 : Received: 26 February 2020 / Approved: 27 February 2020 / Online: 27 February 2020 (12:08:40 CET)

How to cite: Ansari, K.; Bae, T.; Jamjareegulgarn, P.; Khan, S.; Lim, S. Characterization of Ionospheric Scintillation Index over Low Latitude: Nepal Region. Preprints 2020, 2020020404 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0404.v1). Ansari, K.; Bae, T.; Jamjareegulgarn, P.; Khan, S.; Lim, S. Characterization of Ionospheric Scintillation Index over Low Latitude: Nepal Region. Preprints 2020, 2020020404 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0404.v1).

Abstract

The ionospheric scintillation is a rapid phase and amplitude fluctuation of satellite signals due to the small-scale irregularity of electron density in the ionosphere. The characterization of the scintillation index in a proper way is a crucial aspect of the Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite signals for the purpose of space-based navigation, satellite communication, space weather as well as earth observation applications. In the current study, we analyzed the ionospheric scintillation index during the year of 2018 to 2019 over the Nepal region which locates itself almost being sandwiched between India and China and in the vicinity of low latitudes. The characteristic variations of scintillation occurrence are studied during the several geomagnetic storm and quiet days. The results show that the S4 indexes are varying from the 0.05 to 0.45 during the whole year. The S4 indexes behave higher variations during the whole day in the starting of the year and start to decrease at end of the day as well as at the ending months of the year 2019. The S4 values become completely less during the sunset time, while they have higher values during the sunrise. Especially, the S4 index during the storm days are larger than during the quiet days. It is worthy to note that the variations of S4 index studied in this current study do not follow the sunset property during the year of 2019. Consequently, the causes should be discovered and discussed additionally in the next research paper.

Subject Areas

Ionosphere; Nepal; Scintillation index; Storm days; Quiet days

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