Chronic diseases are the priorities for the health care system and patient-centered care. Because, chronic diseases could cause a disabling which has impacts physically, socially and psychologically. Chronic diseases needs to ongoing care and support to assist patients’ self-management. The aim is to understand the experiences of the treatment of patients with chronic conditions who were able to practice self-management. Within the scope of the phenomenological approach, was carried out in Izmir/Turkey province 10 patients with a chronic disease (e.g., hypertension, diabetes, arthritis) who attended a family health care center. Three main themes were identified, namely social support, disease management, and self-awareness and empowerment. It was determined that the disease management, self-awareness and empowerment sub-themes (chronic disease definition, perceived barriers, emotional and spiritual state, self-monitoring, dietary and medication management) had a significant effect on the self-management. The results have demonstrated that patients’ health outcomes can be affected patients’ experiences and behaviors in the chronic conditions self-management. Planning for self-care programs should be provided by health care professionals, taking into account the variables that affect patients’ self-management of their disease.
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