Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Micro-by-Micro Interactions: How Microorganisms Influence the Fate of Marine Microplastics

Version 1 : Received: 10 October 2019 / Approved: 11 October 2019 / Online: 11 October 2019 (04:05:54 CEST)

How to cite: Carreres-Calabuig, J.A.; Rogers, K.; Gorokhova, E.; Posth, N. Micro-by-Micro Interactions: How Microorganisms Influence the Fate of Marine Microplastics. Preprints 2019, 2019100125 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0125.v1). Carreres-Calabuig, J.A.; Rogers, K.; Gorokhova, E.; Posth, N. Micro-by-Micro Interactions: How Microorganisms Influence the Fate of Marine Microplastics. Preprints 2019, 2019100125 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0125.v1).

Abstract

Microorganisms drive the biogeochemical cycles that link abiotic and biotic processes in the aqueous environment and are intricately associated with plastic debris. The detection of microplastics in water and sediment introduces new concerns as small particle size allows for yet unconsidered pathways for plastics in the food web and element cycles. In this review, we present current knowledge of microbe-plastic interactions and summarize the potential impact of biogeochemical processes on plastic distribution, cycling, transport, and sedimentation. We explore how microbe-plastic interactions influence the exposure of consumers to plastics and plastic degradation products. Key methods used to elucidate biofilm development, microbial biodegradation, and plastic detection in the aqueous environment are discussed. Finally, we comment on potential future questions and research directions needed to further define the role of microorganisms in the environmental fate of microplastics.

Subject Areas

microorganisms; microplastics; biogeochemical cycles; plastic degradation; food webs

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.