Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Study of Gender Discrimination Faced by Professional Women in Pakistan: A Case Study of Rahim Yar Khan Region

Version 1 : Received: 30 September 2019 / Approved: 2 October 2019 / Online: 2 October 2019 (10:52:18 CEST)

How to cite: Farooq, M.S.; Kai, Y.T.; Feroze, N. A Study of Gender Discrimination Faced by Professional Women in Pakistan: A Case Study of Rahim Yar Khan Region. Preprints 2019, 2019100030 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0030.v1). Farooq, M.S.; Kai, Y.T.; Feroze, N. A Study of Gender Discrimination Faced by Professional Women in Pakistan: A Case Study of Rahim Yar Khan Region. Preprints 2019, 2019100030 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0030.v1).

Abstract

As a traditional Muslim country, the problem of gender discrimination in employment among women in Pakistan is more common. If we let it develop without taking measures, it will seriously restrict the speed and quality of Pakistan’s domestic economic development in the long run. In this study, the author obtained the first-hand information on the employment status of professional women in the Rahim Yar Khan region of Pakistan through questionnaire survey, supplemented by the public data of the Federal Statistical Office of Pakistan, and combined with the existing research results of the predecessors. Sex discrimination in employment of professional women in Pakistan. Through the collection of the data obtained from the questionnaire, the author found that economic factors are one of the main factors that cause local women to encounter gender discrimination in employment. Specifically, it includes the imbalance of labor supply and demand and the pursuit of maximum profits. At the same time, the traditional Muslim culture, women's own literacy and the imperfect legal system in Pakistan are also the key factors that cause female employees in the local area to encounter gender discrimination in employment. Women’s gender discrimination in employment is a universal problem. In any country in the world, gender discrimination may exist as long as women are involved in the work. Based on Pakistan's basic national conditions and relevant professional knowledge, the author provides several suggestions for eliminating the problem of gender discrimination in employment for local female employees in Pakistan. 1) The Pakistani government should further promote the domestic economic growth, increase the number of jobs, and ease the imbalance between the supply and demand of labor. At the same time, encourage self-employment and provide corresponding policy support. A variety of measures are also intended to address local gender discrimination in employment for women. 2) The government's leadership accelerates the transformation of the concept of the whole society. On the one hand, it requires the whole society to correctly understand the social status and social contribution of women, and strives to bring the concept of equality between men and women into the hearts of the people. It is intended to encourage qualified women to go out of the family to participate in social work. At the same time, correctly guide corporate values. Enterprises should not unilaterally pursue the maximization of interests, and should take the initiative to assume social responsibilities. 3) Women should also actively and consciously improve their literacy. Including not only active learning advanced cultural knowledge and professional skills. For the professional skills that have already been mastered, you must study harder and make yourself more and more progressive. At the same time, families should guarantee that girls of the appropriate age receive the education they deserve, so that they can gather their strengths in the workplace in the future.

Subject Areas

Pakistan; Rahim Yar Khan; female employment; gender discrimination

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