Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Travel Health Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Among Community Pharmacists in Japan

Version 1 : Received: 30 September 2019 / Approved: 2 October 2019 / Online: 2 October 2019 (05:50:05 CEST)

How to cite: Sato, A. Travel Health Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Among Community Pharmacists in Japan. Preprints 2019, 2019100015 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0015.v1). Sato, A. Travel Health Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Among Community Pharmacists in Japan. Preprints 2019, 2019100015 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0015.v1).

Abstract

(1) Background: Travel medicine practice has not been a part of practice in the community pharmacies in Japan. However, it’s getting more common for pharmacists to run travel clinic in North America. With ongoing globalization, Japanese pharmacists might be practicing travel medicine in future. This descriptive study is to examine the current knowledge, attitudes, and practices among Japanese community pharmacists. (2) Methods: Invitation to the study was sent to all pharmacies or corporates listed on Nippon Pharmacist Association member list plus one another large size pharmacy chain that was not member of NPhA. Community pharmacists working under those companies received a weblink to the survey. The survey was conducted from June to July 2017 by online questionnaire. (3) Results: The self-declared knowledge level of infectious diseases as well as travel vaccinations was generally low. The frequency of correct answer of the antibiotic resistance in South East Asia was 48.5%. Knowledge level of qunine resistance to Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Ghana and Nicaragua was very low. (4) Conclusions: Japanese community pharmacists are not familiar with travel related infectious diseases and vaccines used in travel medicine. The knowledge on the antibiotic resistance in traveler’s diarrhea and malaria prophylaxis was all low that is consistent with low degree of exposure to travel health questions from patients in daily practice and low percentage of intention to earn travel health certificates.

Subject Areas

community pharmacy; pharmacists; kap; travel health

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