Preprint Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Factors Predicting the Oral Health Behaviors of the Iranian Students in the District 1 Tehran, Iran

Version 1 : Received: 7 September 2019 / Approved: 14 September 2019 / Online: 14 September 2019 (12:22:18 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 10 October 2019 / Approved: 11 October 2019 / Online: 11 October 2019 (07:30:00 CEST)

How to cite: Delshad, M.H.; Pourhaji, F.; Hidarnia, A.; Tavafian, S.S.; Niknami, S. Factors Predicting the Oral Health Behaviors of the Iranian Students in the District 1 Tehran, Iran. Preprints 2019, 2019090137 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0137.v2). Delshad, M.H.; Pourhaji, F.; Hidarnia, A.; Tavafian, S.S.; Niknami, S. Factors Predicting the Oral Health Behaviors of the Iranian Students in the District 1 Tehran, Iran. Preprints 2019, 2019090137 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0137.v2).

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this examination is determining predictors to oral health behaviors predict in Iranian students in district 1 Tehran based on the health belief model with added commitment to plan construct. Methods: This cross-sectional study were randomly selected conducted on 351 eligible four grade female students in the first district of Tehran, Iran in 2017. The random Multi‑stage random cluster sampling method was used to recruit students. The inclusion criteria were being graded, four female students (aged 9-11 years), or education at the fourth grade of one of the elementary schools studied in the first district of Tehran and, The health of the student from a physical and psychological of view. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the variables that predict oral health behaviors. To assess the predictors of oral health behaviors, all the expanded Health Belief Model constructs with the construct of “Commitment to Plan of Action” from “Health Promotion Model were examined as risk factors to see if they influence on the probability of brushing behavior and dental floss behavior occurrence and were interpreted through odds ratio (OR). SPSS version 19 was used to analyze the data. Results: Totally 308 four grade female students with mean age of 9.32 ± 0.81 years old took part in the study. The total 31.8% of the students reported that they were brushing behavior less than twice a day and 55.2% students claimed, use of dental floss behavior once a week or less than once a day. The results indicated that perceived self-efficacy (OR=1.46, 95% CI=0.57-3.78, P<0.001), Commitment to plan (OR=1.13, 95% CI=1.04-1.23, P<0.001) and Cues to action (OR=1.42, 95% CI=1.14–1.76, P=0.002) were the significant predicting variables which is the key factor of brushing twice a day, and use of dental floss once a day or more (OR=1.02, 95% CI=0.23-3.53, P=0.003). Conclusion: This study has shown the effectiveness of the health belief model with added commitment to plan construct to predict oral health behavior in female students. So, it seems that the model as a framework for designing training programs to improve students to improve oral health behavior can be used.

Subject Areas

oral health; students; medical; behavior; iran

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