Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Compatibility and Stability of Daptomycin Lock Solutions in Combination with Gentamicin, Azithromycin, Heparin and Trisodium Citrate

Version 1 : Received: 9 September 2019 / Approved: 10 September 2019 / Online: 10 September 2019 (10:43:51 CEST)

How to cite: Bookstaver, P.B.; Premnath, P.; Wright, K.; McInnes, C. Compatibility and Stability of Daptomycin Lock Solutions in Combination with Gentamicin, Azithromycin, Heparin and Trisodium Citrate. Preprints 2019, 2019090107 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0107.v1). Bookstaver, P.B.; Premnath, P.; Wright, K.; McInnes, C. Compatibility and Stability of Daptomycin Lock Solutions in Combination with Gentamicin, Azithromycin, Heparin and Trisodium Citrate. Preprints 2019, 2019090107 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0107.v1).

Abstract

Background: Antibiotic lock therapy is an interventional modality used for treatment and prevention of central-line associated bloodstream infections. Stability and compatibility data for combinations are lacking, limiting clinical use. Objective: Compatibility and stability of daptomycin lock solutions in combination with azithromycin, gentamicin, and heparin or sodium citrate were evaluated up to 96 hours. Methods: Eight candidate lock solutions were prepared for compatibility and stability testing. All solutions were prepared in glass vials, and included daptomycin 1mg/mL in varying combinations with heparin 100 – 1,000 units/mL, trisodium citrate, azithromycin and/or gentamicin. Lactated Ringer’s solution was added as a diluent in a sufficient quantity to bring the total volume up to 5mL. Drug stability in the admixture was determined by the degradation of the components. The quantification of drugs was performed using Waters Alliance HPLC using Phenomenex Luna C8 (2), 150*2.6mm, 5µ column. A gradient run was executed for 20 minutes with 0.45% ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, pH 3.25 as eluent A and acetonitrile as eluent B at a flow rate of 1.0mL/min. Each solution was visually inspected for particulates and color change. Lock solutions were tested in triplicate. Results: Daptomycin degradation was <10% for all solutions at 48 hours, and for 7 of the 8 solutions at 72 hours. Gentamicin degradation was <5% for solutions in combination with daptomycin and trisodium citrate. No physical incompatibilities were detected. Conclusion: Study data support the stability and compatibility of daptomycin with additives in solution, allowing for fewer exchanges and longer dwell times for a lock solution. The addition of azithromycin or gentamicin may offer synergy and/or extended spectrum of activity. Daptomycin bioactivity with trisodium citrate needs confirmation.

Subject Areas

daptomycin; antibiotic lock therapy; gentamicin; azithromycin; catheter-related bloodstream infections

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