Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Novel Hypothetical Method to increase the Dimensions of the Coronary Arteries When Required

Version 1 : Received: 22 August 2019 / Approved: 29 August 2019 / Online: 29 August 2019 (03:35:08 CEST)

How to cite: Arokiaraj, M.C. A Novel Hypothetical Method to increase the Dimensions of the Coronary Arteries When Required. Preprints 2019, 2019080300 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0300.v1). Arokiaraj, M.C. A Novel Hypothetical Method to increase the Dimensions of the Coronary Arteries When Required. Preprints 2019, 2019080300 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0300.v1).

Abstract

Background: The purpose was to develop a novel hypothetical method to increase the size of coronary arteries. Methods: In the long-term observation the coronary sizes were dilated in three unexpected scenarios. The coronary artery sizes were observed in patients with mitral stenosis (n=59) by angiogram prior to percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty or valve replacement surgery for severe mitral stenosis. The coronaries of patients with patent ductus arteriosus who underwent surgical closure in the past (n=12) were examined by echocardiogram. Patients with renal failure on long-term dialysis through peripheral arterio-venous fistula without left ventricular hypertrophy (n=17) were studied by echocardiography. Normal age, weight and sex matched coronary sizes served as controls in the study. All these observations were made over a period of 11.5 years. Results: The sizes of coronaries in patients with mitral stenosis, patients who underwent closure for patent ductus arteriosus, and in patients on hemodialysis through arteriovenous fistulas were higher than normal controls (p<0.05, for all). A hypothetical model to increase the coronary sizes could be developed based on the analysis of the differential equations of Poiseuille’s. The proposed method is creating a peripheral arterio-venous fistula, which could be closed later electively by a percutaneous method/surgery. The closure time needs to be determined by experimental studies. The other methods could be a continuous exercise program or usage of beta-blockers. Conclusion: A novel hypothetical method of peripheral arteriovenous fistula formation could potentially increase the size of the coronaries, and this could be closed later.

Subject Areas

coronary dimensions; Poiseuille’s Equation; arteriovenous fistula; coronary dilatation; wall shear stress; coronary blood flow; atherosclerosis; angiogenesis

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