Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Leaching of Lead and Copper by Citric Acid from Direct-to-Blister Copper Flash Smelting Slag

Version 1 : Received: 7 November 2018 / Approved: 8 November 2018 / Online: 8 November 2018 (11:10:10 UTC)

How to cite: Gargul, K.; Jarosz, P.; Małecki, S. Leaching of Lead and Copper by Citric Acid from Direct-to-Blister Copper Flash Smelting Slag. Preprints 2018, 2018110209 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0209.v1). Gargul, K.; Jarosz, P.; Małecki, S. Leaching of Lead and Copper by Citric Acid from Direct-to-Blister Copper Flash Smelting Slag. Preprints 2018, 2018110209 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0209.v1).

Abstract

Direct-to-blister copper flash smelting slag contains up to 14% of copper and 2-4% of lead. Considering this fact, this material is subjected to the high-temperature reduction process. After this, converting process is performed on the Cu-Pb-Fe alloy being the product of decopperization process in electric furnace. An alternative to the presently used processing of flash smelting slag would be its hydrometallurgical treatment and selective recovery of Pb and Cu. This paper presents the results of laboratory tests on flash smelting slag leaching with citric acid solutions. The experiments performed allowed to determine the process parameters at which the Pb concentration in the post-leaching sediment reached the value of 0.41-0.6% while the Pb content in flash smelting slag was 3.05%. Analogous values for copper were 11.5-11.8% (after leaching) and 12.44% (before). Material after leaching in citric acid solutions can be processed, in the second step, using sulfuric acid solutions, and it could lead to the recovery of almost all copper contained in it.

Subject Areas

blister copper, flash smelting slag, citric acid, lead recovery, leaching

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