Setlhare, B.; Kumar, A.; Mokoena, M.P.; Olaniran, A.O. Catechol 1,2-Dioxygenase is an Analogue of Homogentisate 1,2-Dioxygenase in Pseudomonas chlororaphis Strain UFB2. Int. J. Mol. Sci.2019, 20, 61.
Setlhare, B.; Kumar, A.; Mokoena, M.P.; Olaniran, A.O. Catechol 1,2-Dioxygenase is an Analogue of Homogentisate 1,2-Dioxygenase in Pseudomonas chlororaphis Strain UFB2. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 61.
Catechol dioxygenases in microorganisms cleave catechol into cis-cis-muconic acid or 2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde via the ortho- or meta-pathway, respectively. The aim of the study was to purify, characterize and predict template-based three-dimensional structure of catechol 1,2-dioxygenase (C12O) from indigenous Pseudomonas chlororaphis strain UFB2 (PcUFB2). Preliminary studies showed that PcUFB2 could degrade 40 ppm of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP). The crude cell extract showed 10.34 U/mL of C12O activity with a specific activity of 2.23 U/mg of protein. A 35 kDa protein was purified to 1.5-fold with total yield of 13.02 % by applying anion exchange and gel filtration chromatography. The enzyme was optimally active at pH 7.5 and temperature 30 °C. The Lineweaver-Burk plot showed the vmax and Km values of 16.67 µM/min and 35.76 µM, respectively. ES-MS spectra of tryptic digested SDS-PAGE band and bioinformatics studies revealed that C12O share 81% homology to homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase reported in other Pseudomonas chlororaphis strains. Characterization and optimization of C12O activity can assist in understanding the 2,4-DCP metabolic pathway in PcUFB2 and its possible application in bioremediation strategies.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.