Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Impacts of Climate Change in the MENA Region and the Water-Energy Nexus

Version 1 : Received: 9 October 2018 / Approved: 10 October 2018 / Online: 10 October 2018 (03:59:07 CEST)

How to cite: Lange, M.A. The Impacts of Climate Change in the MENA Region and the Water-Energy Nexus. Preprints 2018, 2018100197 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0197.v1). Lange, M.A. The Impacts of Climate Change in the MENA Region and the Water-Energy Nexus. Preprints 2018, 2018100197 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0197.v1).

Abstract

The present paper aims to elucidate the impact of climate change on the availability and security of water and energy in the Middle East and North Africa Region (MENA Region). The region is particularly challenged by a number of factors including a large variability of bio-geographical characteristics, extreme population growth over the last few decades and substantial societal and economical transitions as well as armed conflicts in some of the countries of the region. Anticipated changes in climate conditions will exacerbate the challenges with regard to providing sufficient amounts of water and energy to the communities in the region. Impacts of climate change will materialize as an increasing number of heat waves, primarily in urban structures and the decline in water availability as a result of enhanced droughts and a growing numbers of dry spells. The interrelationships between energy and water and their mutual dependencies are addressed by the Water-Energy-Nexus concept. With regard to the challenges addressed here, Cyprus and the Eastern Mediterranean are a particular point in case. Mitigation and adaptation strategies include enhanced efficiency of energy and water use, integrated technology assessments regarding electricity generation and the production of potable water and electricity through concentrated solar power.

Subject Areas

water-energy nexus; MENA region; climate change; mitigation/adaptation strategies

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