Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Use of 18F-FDG PET/CT Imaging for Radiotherapy Target Volume Delineation after Induction Chemotherapy and for Prognosis of Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (LA-SCCHN)

Version 1 : Received: 5 October 2018 / Approved: 7 October 2018 / Online: 7 October 2018 (09:48:55 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Rudžianskas, V.; Korobeinikova, E.; Rudžianskienė, M.; Jaselskė, E.; Adlienė, D.; Šedienė, S.; Kulakienė, I.; Padervinskis, E.; Jurkienė, N.; Juozaitytė, E. Use of 18F-FDG PET/CT Imaging for Radiotherapy Target Volume Delineation after Induction Chemotherapy and for Prognosis of Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck. Medicina 2018, 54, 107. Rudžianskas, V.; Korobeinikova, E.; Rudžianskienė, M.; Jaselskė, E.; Adlienė, D.; Šedienė, S.; Kulakienė, I.; Padervinskis, E.; Jurkienė, N.; Juozaitytė, E. Use of 18F-FDG PET/CT Imaging for Radiotherapy Target Volume Delineation after Induction Chemotherapy and for Prognosis of Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck. Medicina 2018, 54, 107.

Journal reference: Medicina 2018, 54, 107
DOI: 10.3390/medicina54060107

Abstract

Background and objectives: Induction chemotherapy (ICT) before definitive chemoradiation (CRT) gives high response rates in LA-SCCHN. However, pre-ICT gross tumour volume (GTV) for radiotherapy (RT) planning is still recommended. As 18F-FDG PET/CT has an advantage of biological tumour information comparing to standard imaging methods, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility of 18F-FDG PET/CT-based post-ICT GTV delineation for RT planning in LA-SCCHN and to assess the prognostic value of PET parameters: maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumour volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). Methods: 47 LA-SCCHN patients were treated with 3 cycles of ICT (docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil) followed by CRT (70 Gy in 35 fractions with weekly cisplatin). Pre- and post-ICT PET/CT examinations were acquired. Planning CT was co-registered with post-ICT PET/CT and RT target volumes were contoured according to post-ICT PET. Post-ICT percentage decrease of SUVmax, MTV and TLG in primary tumour and metastatic regional lymphnodes (LN) was counted. Loco-regional failure patterns, 3-year progression free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated. Results: 3-year PFS and OS rates for study population were 67% and 61% respectively. 31.9% of patients progressed loco-regionally. All progresses were localised in high-to-intermediate dose (6070 Gy) RT volumes and none in low dose (50 Gy) volumes. Decrease of SUVmax ≥74% (p = 0.03), MTV ≥ 68% (p = 0.04), TLG ≥ 76% (p = 0.02) in primary tumour, and LN TLG decrease ≥74% (p = 0.03) were associated with PFS. Decrease of primary tumour SUVmax ≥ 74% (p = 0.04), MTV ≥ 69% (p = 0.04), TLG ≥ 74% (p = 0.02) and LN TLG ≥ 73% (p = 0.02) were prognostic factors for OS. Conclusions: According to our results, 18F-FDG PET/CT-based post-ICT GTV delineation is feasible strategy without negative impact on loco-regional control and survival. Percentage decrease of metabolic PET parameters SUVmax, MTV and TLG has a prognostic value in LA-SCCHN.

Subject Areas

head and neck cancer; induction chemotherapy; 18F-FDG PET/CT; target volume delineation

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