Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Corn Tassel: A New Source of Phytochemicals and Antioxidants Potential for Value-added Products Development in Agro-industry

Version 1 : Received: 26 September 2018 / Approved: 26 September 2018 / Online: 26 September 2018 (14:31:15 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Duangpapeng, P.; Ketthaisong, D.; Lomthaisong, K.; Lertrat, K.; Scott, M.P.; Suriharn, B. Corn Tassel: A New Source of Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Potential for Value-Added Product Development in the Agro-Industry. Agronomy 2018, 8, 242. Duangpapeng, P.; Ketthaisong, D.; Lomthaisong, K.; Lertrat, K.; Scott, M.P.; Suriharn, B. Corn Tassel: A New Source of Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Potential for Value-Added Product Development in the Agro-Industry. Agronomy 2018, 8, 242.

Journal reference: Agronomy 2018, 8, 242
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy8110242

Abstract

Corn tassel is a by-product from hybrid corn seed production and a new source of phytochemicals including compounds with antioxidant activity. Four tassel development stages were evaluated in eight commercial corn varieties. Corn varieties and tassel developmental stages showed significant variations (P0.01) for all parameters. Total phenolic content and antioxidant activity were highest in field corn. KGW1, a purple waxy variety, had the highest anthocyanin content and carotenoid content at tassel development stages at 50% and 75% of pollen shed, whereas the tassel developmental stages at the 1st day of pollen shed and 50% of pollen shed had the highest of anthocyanin yield and carotenoid yield. The most suitable time for tassel harvest should be between the 1st day of pollen shed to 50% of pollen shed. Phytochemicals and antioxidants that are extracted from corn tassel can be used as a functional food supplement, natural pharmaceuticals and cosmetic products.

Subject Areas

Zea may L.; bioactive compound; floral corn; by-products; bee pollen

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