Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Driving Forces of Forest Landscape Change in Ślęża Landscape Park (Southwestern Poland) in Period 1883-2013

Version 1 : Received: 30 August 2018 / Approved: 30 August 2018 / Online: 30 August 2018 (14:49:28 CEST)

How to cite: Krajewski, P.; Solecka, I.; Mrozik, K. Driving Forces of Forest Landscape Change in Ślęża Landscape Park (Southwestern Poland) in Period 1883-2013. Preprints 2018, 2018080533 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0533.v1). Krajewski, P.; Solecka, I.; Mrozik, K. Driving Forces of Forest Landscape Change in Ślęża Landscape Park (Southwestern Poland) in Period 1883-2013. Preprints 2018, 2018080533 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0533.v1).

Abstract

Abstract: Changes in forest landscapes have been connected with human activity for centuries, which can be considered as one of the main driving forces of change in the global perspective. The spatial distribution of forests changes along with the geopolitical situation, demographic changes, intensification of agriculture, urbanization or changes in the land use policy. However, due to the limited availability of historical data, the driving forces of changes in forest landscapes are most often considered in relation to recent decades, without taking into account long-term analyzes. The aim of this paper is to determine the impact of natural and socio-economic factors on changes in forest landscapes within the protected area – Ślęża Landscape Park and its buffer zone in the aspect of long-term analyzes covering the period of 140 years (1883-2013). The comparison of historical and current maps, demographic data on 4 different periods as well as natural and location factors by using the ArcGIS software allowed analyzing selected driving forces of forest landscape transformations. We took into account natural factors like altitude, slope, exposure of the hillside and socio-economic drivers like population changes, distances to centers of municipalities, main roads and built-up areas.

Subject Areas

driving forces; landscape change; landscape dynamics; forest landscape; land use; land cover; landscape change index

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