Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Role Played by the Aging of Aloe Vera on Its Drag Reduction Properties in Turbulent Flows

Version 1 : Received: 17 August 2018 / Approved: 18 August 2018 / Online: 18 August 2018 (08:06:52 CEST)

How to cite: Soares, E.J.; Siqueira, R.N.; Leal, L.M.; Barbosa, K.C.O.; Sipriano, D.F.; Freitas, J.C.C. The Role Played by the Aging of Aloe Vera on Its Drag Reduction Properties in Turbulent Flows. Preprints 2018, 2018080329 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0329.v1). Soares, E.J.; Siqueira, R.N.; Leal, L.M.; Barbosa, K.C.O.; Sipriano, D.F.; Freitas, J.C.C. The Role Played by the Aging of Aloe Vera on Its Drag Reduction Properties in Turbulent Flows. Preprints 2018, 2018080329 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0329.v1).

Abstract

Polymeric drag reducers have been developed over many years due to the great number of practical applications. In all of them, the molecular stability is an essential requirement. Usually, polymers break down under turbulent flows, which causes a decrease in their efficiency as drag reducers. Besides that, some specific applications, in agro and biomedical fields, impose a specific requirement that must be fulfilled, which is the use of non-toxic materials. A suitable stable material that is elected to accomplish this necessity is the mucilage of aloe vera, which is a bio-polymer that can be used as an alternative to the synthetic ones. Here, we investigate the role played by the aging of aloe vera on its capacity to reduce drag. The results obtained by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance indicate that the compositions of young and mature leaves of aloe vera are different and such a difference plays an important role on their efficiency as drag reducers. Tests were performed to analyse the drag reduction in a rotating apparatus and in a pipeline system and the efficiencies of leaves of different ages were compared to their composition. The main conclusion of these experiments is that the young mucilage samples, which are richer in complex polysaccharides and exhibit lower acid contents, are more efficient drag reducers.

Subject Areas

polymer degradation; drag reduction; turbulent flows; complex polysaccharides

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