Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

There's Always Another Way! Cytomegalovirus’ Multifaceted Dissemination Schemes

Version 1 : Received: 29 June 2018 / Approved: 2 July 2018 / Online: 2 July 2018 (13:14:05 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Jackson, J.W.; Sparer, T. There Is Always Another Way! Cytomegalovirus’ Multifaceted Dissemination Schemes. Viruses 2018, 10, 383. Jackson, J.W.; Sparer, T. There Is Always Another Way! Cytomegalovirus’ Multifaceted Dissemination Schemes. Viruses 2018, 10, 383.

Journal reference: Viruses 2018, 10, 383
DOI: 10.3390/v10070383

Abstract

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a β-herpes virus that is a significant pathogen within immune compromised populations. HCMV morbidity is induced through viral dissemination and inflammation. Typically, viral dissemination is thought to follow Fenner’s hypothesis where virus replicates at the site of infection, followed by replication in the draining lymph nodes, and eventually replicating within blood filtering organs. Although CMVs somewhat follow Fenner’s hypothesis, they deviate from it by spreading primarily through innate immune cells as opposed to cell free virus. Also, in vivo CMVs infect new cells via cell to cell spread and disseminate directly to secondary organs through novel mechanisms. We review the historic and recent literature pointing to CMV’s direct dissemination to secondary organs and the genes that it has evolved for increasing its ability to disseminate. We also highlight aspects of CMV infection for studying viral dissemination when using in vivo animal models.

Subject Areas

viral dissemination; innate immune cells; cytomegalovirus; pathogenesis; chemokines; Fenner hypothesis; neutrophils; monocytes

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.