Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Methods for Analyzing Surface Texture Effects of Volcanoes with Plinian and Subplinian Eruptions Types: Cases of Study Lascar (23° 22' S) and Chaiten (42 ° 50' S), Chile

Version 1 : Received: 7 June 2018 / Approved: 8 June 2018 / Online: 8 June 2018 (12:33:49 CEST)

How to cite: Fernández, L.; Álvarez, G.; Salinas, R. Methods for Analyzing Surface Texture Effects of Volcanoes with Plinian and Subplinian Eruptions Types: Cases of Study Lascar (23° 22' S) and Chaiten (42 ° 50' S), Chile. Preprints 2018, 2018060132 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0132.v1). Fernández, L.; Álvarez, G.; Salinas, R. Methods for Analyzing Surface Texture Effects of Volcanoes with Plinian and Subplinian Eruptions Types: Cases of Study Lascar (23° 22' S) and Chaiten (42 ° 50' S), Chile. Preprints 2018, 2018060132 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0132.v1).

Abstract

This paper presents a new methodology that provides the analysis of surface texture changes in areas adjacent to the volcano and its impact product of volcanic activity. To do this, algorithms from digital image processing such as the co-occurrence matrix and the wavelet transform are used. These methods are working on images taken by the Landsat satellite platform sensor 5 TM and Landsat 7 ETM + sensor, and implemented with the purpose of evaluating superficial changes that can warn of surface movements of the volcano. The results were evaluated by similarity metrics for grayscale images, and validated in two different scenarios that have the same type of eruption, but differ, essentially, in climate and vegetation. Finally, the proposed algorithm is presented, setting the parameters and constraints for implementation and use.

Subject Areas

subplinian eruption; co-occurrence matrix; wavelet transform; similarity metrics

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