Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Transcriptome Analysis of C. elegans Reveals Novel Targets for DON Cytotoxicity

Version 1 : Received: 28 April 2018 / Approved: 29 April 2018 / Online: 29 April 2018 (10:40:16 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Di, R.; Zhang, H.; Lawton, M.A. Transcriptome Analysis of C. elegans Reveals Novel Targets for DON Cytotoxicity. Toxins 2018, 10, 262. Di, R.; Zhang, H.; Lawton, M.A. Transcriptome Analysis of C. elegans Reveals Novel Targets for DON Cytotoxicity. Toxins 2018, 10, 262.

Journal reference: Toxins 2018, 10, 262
DOI: 10.3390/toxins10070262

Abstract

Deoxynivalenol (DON) is a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium spp. that causes Fusarium head blight (FHB) disease in cereal crops. Ingestion of food contaminated with DON poses serious human health complications. However, the DON cytotoxicity has been mostly deduced from animal studies. In this study, we used the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) as a tractable animal model to dissect the toxic effect of DON. Our results indicate that DON reduces the fecundity and lifespan of C. elegans. The real-time RT-PCR analysis showed that DON upregulates innate immunity-related genes including C17H12.8 and K08D8.5 encoding PMK-1 (mitogen activated protein kinase-1)-regulated immune effectors, and F35E12.5 encoding a CUB-like domain-containing protein. Furthermore, our RNAseq data demonstrate that out of ~ 17,000 C. elegans genes, 313 are upregulated and 166 were downregulated by DON treatment. Among the DON-upregulated genes, several are ugt genes encoding UDP-glucuronosyl transferase (UGTs) which are known to be involved in chemical detoxification. The three upregulated genes, F52F10.4 (oac-32), C10H11.6 (ugt-26) and C10H11.4 (ugt-28) encoding the O-acyltransferase homolog, UGT26 and UGT 28, respectively, are shown to contribute to DON tolerance by RNAi bacterial feeding experiment. The results of this study provide insights to the targets of DON cytotoxicity and potential mitigation measures.

Subject Areas

Fusarium head blight; deoxynivalenol; cytotoxicity; Caenorhabditis elegans; RNAseq

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