Watanabe, M.; Gangitano, E.; Francomano, D.; Addessi, E.; Toscano, R.; Costantini, D.; Tuccinardi, D.; Mariani, S.; Basciani, S.; Spera, G.; Gnessi, L.; Lubrano, C. Mangosteen Extract Shows a Potent Insulin Sensitizing Effect in Obese Female Patients: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. Nutrients2018, 10, 586.
Watanabe, M.; Gangitano, E.; Francomano, D.; Addessi, E.; Toscano, R.; Costantini, D.; Tuccinardi, D.; Mariani, S.; Basciani, S.; Spera, G.; Gnessi, L.; Lubrano, C. Mangosteen Extract Shows a Potent Insulin Sensitizing Effect in Obese Female Patients: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 586.
Insulin resistance is the most important underlying cause of obesity and type 2 Diabetes (T2DM), and insulin sensitizing treatments have proved effective in preventing diabetes and inducing weight loss. Obesity and T2DM are also associated with increased inflammation. Mangosteen is a tropical tree, whose fruits, widely known for their antioxidant properties, have been recently suggested having a possible further role in the treatment of obesity and T2DM. The objective of this pilot study has been to evaluate safety, compliance and efficacy of mangosteen on insulin resistance, weight management, and inflammatory status in obese female patients with insulin resistance. 22 patients were randomized 1:1 to behavioral therapy alone or behavioral therapy and mangosteen and 20 completed the 26-week study. The mangosteen group reported a significant improvement in insulin sensitivity (HOmeostatic Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance, HOMA-IR -53.22% vs -15.23%, p=.0037), and a trend decrease in inflammation markers serum levels, together with trend greater weight loss and trend increased HDL levels. No side effect attributable to treatment was reported. Given the positive preliminary results we report and the excellent safety profile, we suggest a possible role of mangosteen in the treatment of obesity, insulin resistance and inflammation.
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