Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Body Weight Loss, Tissue Wasting and Shortened Lifespan in Late Middle-aged Mice on Imbalanced Essential/Non-essential Amino Acids Diet

Version 1 : Received: 5 February 2018 / Approved: 5 February 2018 / Online: 5 February 2018 (23:43:16 CET)

How to cite: Corsetti, G.; Pasini, E.; Romano, C.; Calvani, R.; Picca, A.; Marzetti, E.; Flati, V.; Dioguardi, F.S. Body Weight Loss, Tissue Wasting and Shortened Lifespan in Late Middle-aged Mice on Imbalanced Essential/Non-essential Amino Acids Diet. Preprints 2018, 2018020048 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201802.0048.v1). Corsetti, G.; Pasini, E.; Romano, C.; Calvani, R.; Picca, A.; Marzetti, E.; Flati, V.; Dioguardi, F.S. Body Weight Loss, Tissue Wasting and Shortened Lifespan in Late Middle-aged Mice on Imbalanced Essential/Non-essential Amino Acids Diet. Preprints 2018, 2018020048 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201802.0048.v1).

Abstract

Inadequate protein intake can impair protein balance and lead to skeletal muscle atrophy, impaired body growth, and functional decline. Foods provide both non-essential (NEAAs) and essential amino acids (EAAs) that may convey different metabolic stimuli to specific organs and tissues. In this study, we sought to evaluate the impact of six diets with various EAA/NEAA blends on body composition and the risk of developing tissue wasting in late middle-aged male mice. Mice consuming NEAA-based diets, although showing increased food and calorie intake, suffered the most severe weight loss. Interestingly, even moderate NEAAs prevalence was able to induce inflammatory catabolic stimuli, generalized body wasting and systemic metabolic alterations. Complete depletion of retroperitoneal white adipose tissue and a severe loss (>75%) of brown adipose tissue were observed together with muscle wasting. Conversely, EAA-based diets induced significant decreases in weight by reducing primarily fat reserves, but improved clinical parameters. Tissue wasting was caused by altered AA quality, independent of reduced nitrogen or caloric intake. Our results indicate that an optimized balance of AA composition is necessary for preserving overall bodily energy status. These findings are particularly relevant in the context of aging and may be exploited for contrasting its negative correlates including body wasting.

Subject Areas

Aging, Nutrition, Diet, Muscle atrophy, Body wasting, Food choice

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