Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Valorization of Municipal Waterworks Sludge to Produce Ceramic Floor Tiles

Version 1 : Received: 22 December 2017 / Approved: 25 December 2017 / Online: 25 December 2017 (07:40:01 CET)

How to cite: Rodrigues, L.P.; Holanda, J.N.F. Valorization of Municipal Waterworks Sludge to Produce Ceramic Floor Tiles. Preprints 2017, 2017120168 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201712.0168.v1). Rodrigues, L.P.; Holanda, J.N.F. Valorization of Municipal Waterworks Sludge to Produce Ceramic Floor Tiles. Preprints 2017, 2017120168 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201712.0168.v1).

Abstract

In municipal waterworks large amounts of waste in the form of sludge have to be discarded. This investigation focuses on the processing of ceramic floor tiles incorporated with a municipal waterworks sludge. Four floor tile formulations containing up to 10 wt. % of the municipal waterworks sludge in replacement of kaolin were prepared. The floor tile processing route consisted of dry powder granulation, uniaxial pressing, and firing between 1190 and 1250 °C using a fast-firing cycle (<60 min). The densification behavior and technological properties of the floor tile pieces as function of the sludge addition and firing temperature were determined. The development of the microstructure was followed by XRD and SEM/EDS. The results show that the replacement of kaolin with municipal waterworks sludge, in the range up to 10 wt. %, allows the production of ceramic floor tiles (group BIb and group BIIa, ISO 13006 Standard) at lower firing temperatures. These results suggest a new possibility for valorization of municipal waterworks sludge with many economical and environmental benefits.

Subject Areas

municipal waterworks sludge; waste; recycling; valorization; floor tiles

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