Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Ecological Structure of a Tropical Urban Forest in Bang Kachao Peninsula, Bangkok

Version 1 : Received: 20 November 2017 / Approved: 20 November 2017 / Online: 20 November 2017 (16:52:53 CET)

How to cite: Sommeechai, M.; Wachrinrat, C.; Bernard, D.; Thangtam, N.; Srichaichana, J. Ecological Structure of a Tropical Urban Forest in Bang Kachao Peninsula, Bangkok. Preprints 2017, 2017110131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201711.0131.v1). Sommeechai, M.; Wachrinrat, C.; Bernard, D.; Thangtam, N.; Srichaichana, J. Ecological Structure of a Tropical Urban Forest in Bang Kachao Peninsula, Bangkok. Preprints 2017, 2017110131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201711.0131.v1).

Abstract

Rapid urbanization has changed the structure and function of natural ecosystems, especially the floodplain ecosystems in SE Asia. This paper describes the ecological structure of vegetation stands and the usefulness of satellite images to characterize a disturbed tropical urban forest located in the lower floodplain of the Chao Phraya River, Thailand. Nine representative plots were established in Bang Kachao peninsula in 4 tropical urban forest types: rehabilitation forest, home-garden agroforestry, mangrove and park. The correlation between NDVI and LAI obtained from satellite images and plant structure from field surveys were analyzed. The NDVI had the highest relationship with stand factors for the number of families, number of species, Shannon-Weiner’s diversity index and total basal area. The LAI had the highest correlation with total basal area, number of canopy layers, stand density and canopy density. Linear regression predicted the correlation between NDVI and LAI with stand factors as show above. The trend in NDVI and LAI reflected the urban forest type, being high in rehabilitation and mangrove forests, moderate in home-gardens and low in parks. Future urban planning of the Bang Kachao peninsula should focus on rehabilitation to increase the biodiversity and complexity of the urban forest.

Subject Areas

LAI; NVDI; stand structure; urban forest; Thailand

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