Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Protective Effects of Delphinidin against Proton Beam Induced Damage in Human Colon-Derived CCD-18Co Cells

Version 1 : Received: 29 September 2017 / Approved: 29 September 2017 / Online: 29 September 2017 (13:49:38 CEST)

How to cite: Kim, H.M.; Kang, S.H.; Kim, S.H.; Kang, B.S. Protective Effects of Delphinidin against Proton Beam Induced Damage in Human Colon-Derived CCD-18Co Cells. Preprints 2017, 2017090156 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201709.0156.v1). Kim, H.M.; Kang, S.H.; Kim, S.H.; Kang, B.S. Protective Effects of Delphinidin against Proton Beam Induced Damage in Human Colon-Derived CCD-18Co Cells. Preprints 2017, 2017090156 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201709.0156.v1).

Abstract

Unavoidable exposure to radiosensitive normal tissues around cancerous tumor during the radiotherapy can cause side effects such as self-limited acute toxicities, mild chronic symptoms, or severe organ dysfunction. Nevertheless, clinical use of currently available radiation protective agents is limited because of their generic cytotoxicity. A study on radiation protective effect of delphinidin was conducted with proton-beam-exposed human colon cells (CCD-18Co). The measurement in changes of survival fractions of CCD-18Co with/without delphinidin administration at different radiation doses were measured by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The changes in expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and in activities of antioxidant enzymes were measured by colorimetric assays using pertinent assay kits. The measurement of pro-apoptosis/pro-survival protein expressions using Western blot assay and the measurement of DNA damage using comet assay were also fulfilled to evaluate the molecular level of radiation damages in CCD-18Co cells. The experimental results revealed that the pre-administration of delphinidin regulated antioxidant enzymes, reduced ROS, decreased DNA damage, regulated pro-apoptosis/pro-survival proteins, and eventually reduced apoptosis of CCD-18Co cells. In conclusion, it is claimed that delphinidin is nontoxic natural radiation protective compound, and thus delphinidin can be used to protect normal colon tissues during the proton beam therapy.

Subject Areas

delphinidin; radiation protective agent; proton beam therapy; CCD-18Co cells; reactive oxygen species; antioxidant enzyme; DNA damage

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