Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Duality of Time and Perpetual Re-creation of Space

Version 1 : Received: 13 August 2017 / Approved: 14 August 2017 / Online: 14 August 2017 (04:34:21 CEST)

How to cite: Haj Yousef, M. Duality of Time and Perpetual Re-creation of Space. Preprints 2017, 2017080050 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201708.0050.v1). Haj Yousef, M. Duality of Time and Perpetual Re-creation of Space. Preprints 2017, 2017080050 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201708.0050.v1).


Based on the Duality of Time hypothesis, a dynamic, granular and self-contained space-time is introduced and investigated. A new time-time or complex-time Euclidean space is defined and it is shown that the non-Euclidean Minkowski space is the first global approximation of this complex-time space in which the space-time interval becomes invariant between different inertial and non-inertial frames alike. Therefore, in addition to Lorentz factor, the equivalence principle is derived directly from the resulting discrete symmetry. To support this hypothesis, it will be applied to derive the mass-energy equivalence relation directly from fundamental classical principles. It will be also shown that the resulting dynamic quintessence could diminish the cosmological constant discrepancy by 117 orders of magnitude.

Subject Areas

speed of light invariance; arrow of time; complex time; quantum gravity; equivalence principle; cosmological constant problem

Readers' Comments and Ratings (1)

Comment 1
Received: 15 August 2017
Commenter: Mohamed Haj Yousef (Click to see Publons profile: )
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The concept of “the duality of time” or “the inner levels of time” is based on a previous research which has been published on two books in 2007 (Ibn Arabi – Time and Cosmology Ibn Arabi – Time and Cosmology) and 2014 ( The Single Monad Model). This original model was more oriented to philosophy and metaphysics, and in the new article is intended to formulate it into complete physics theory.
As you can read in the manuscript, the postulate of the duality of time can potentially explain and solve many, if not all, major problems in physics and cosmology. Although some will be simply eliminated, these major problems will of course require extended analysis, so I have restricted the discussion in this paper to show how the above hypothesis will explain and unite the principles of relativity and give an exact derivation of the mass-energy equivalence relation, based on the fundamental classical principles.
The duality of time is extremely delicate and mysterious, and I know very well how hard it is to grasp, but I hope that if you read the manuscript thoroughly you may find the depth of this eccentric concept that is indispensable if we ever want to understand quantum gravity.
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