Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

A Risk Management Assessment of Rural Villages in Abhar County, Iran Using Spatial Analysis and Disaster Readiness Surveys

Version 1 : Received: 24 July 2017 / Approved: 24 July 2017 / Online: 24 July 2017 (12:40:30 CEST)

How to cite: Hajilo, M.; Pennington-Gray, L.; Riahi, V.; Talkhab, A. A Risk Management Assessment of Rural Villages in Abhar County, Iran Using Spatial Analysis and Disaster Readiness Surveys. Preprints 2017, 2017070067 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201707.0067.v1). Hajilo, M.; Pennington-Gray, L.; Riahi, V.; Talkhab, A. A Risk Management Assessment of Rural Villages in Abhar County, Iran Using Spatial Analysis and Disaster Readiness Surveys. Preprints 2017, 2017070067 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201707.0067.v1).

Abstract

Understanding the vulnerability of areas and the likelihood of specific disasters, particularly earthquakes, is one of the most important issues in Iran. One of the major concerns in Iran is the resilience of rural communities. The present study is devoted to spatial analysis of risk in rural areas and the evaluation of preparedness in the rural districts of the city of Abhar. In particular, this study evaluates the resilience to earthquakes. The research was conducted in two parts in which the first part has used the VIKOR Multiple criteria decision making model as well as the employment of this model in the ArcGis. The second part of the study used field studies, in the form of questionnaires, to evaluate the readiness of the local population against the risks of earthquakes. Four indicators, individual, physical, economic abilities and access, were assessed. The population included rural districts, where statistical samples were villagers. Results of the spatial analysis indicated that 15 villages are in the high-risk areas, 24 villages were in the medium-risk areas and all other villages were in low-risk areas. In terms of readiness of the locals, the results indicated a lack of planning with regards to the four mentioned indicators.

Subject Areas

spatial analysis; risk taking; preparedness of local population; the City of Abhar

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