Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Environmental Impacts of Mining of Mineral Resources

Version 1 : Received: 13 January 2017 / Approved: 13 January 2017 / Online: 13 January 2017 (10:56:46 CET)

How to cite: Lapčík, V.; Kaločajová, A.; Novák, P. Environmental Impacts of Mining of Mineral Resources. Preprints 2017, 2017010069 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0069.v1). Lapčík, V.; Kaločajová, A.; Novák, P. Environmental Impacts of Mining of Mineral Resources. Preprints 2017, 2017010069 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0069.v1).

Abstract

The article focuses on mining of non-energy mineral resources with minimum environmental impacts. It issues from research results of a project Competence Centre for Effective and Ecological Mining of Mineral Resources implemented at the Faculty of Mining and Geology at VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, Czech Geological Survey, a company Watrad ltd., a state enterprise Diamo, a company RPS Ostrava plc and a company Sedlecký kaolin plc. The paper starts with a partial analysis of the existing legal norms related to mining and processing of mineral resources. Next, it analyses mineral resource mining options free of negative environmental impacts. The fundamental tool to assess potential environmental impacts of mining is the implementation of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process for a given mineral resource. In the Czech Republic environmental impact assessment is carried out by course of Act 100/2001 Coll. Its important amendment is Act 39/2015 Coll. claiming, inter alia, that the environmental impact assessment is rigidly connected with other permits and procedures, such as the zoning process and building construction permits. The article describes the environmental impacts of mining of non-energy mineral resources, including the following factors: appropriation of land, impacts on surface water, ground water and soil, noise, influence on the landscape character, and air pollution. The paper also includes a case study summarizing information on the environmental factors that may play a role in potential underground mining of graphite in the deposit Český Krumlov - Městský Vrch and the deposit Lazec - Křenov.

Subject Areas

mining; non-energy mineral resources; environmental impact assessment

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