Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Estimation of the Daily Salt Intake by 24-Hour Urinary Sodium Excretion in Morocco: A Pilot Study

  1. Research Unit of Human Nutrition, Research Laboratory of Biology and Health (URAC34), University Hassan 2 Casablanca, Casablanca 20100, Morocco
Version 1 : Received: 16 November 2016 / Approved: 17 November 2016 / Online: 17 November 2016 (10:49:28 CET)

How to cite: Derouiche, A.; El-Kardi, Y.; Mohtadi, K.; Jafri, A. Estimation of the Daily Salt Intake by 24-Hour Urinary Sodium Excretion in Morocco: A Pilot Study. Preprints 2016, 2016110089 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0089.v1). Derouiche, A.; El-Kardi, Y.; Mohtadi, K.; Jafri, A. Estimation of the Daily Salt Intake by 24-Hour Urinary Sodium Excretion in Morocco: A Pilot Study. Preprints 2016, 2016110089 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0089.v1).

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is a serious public health problem in Morocco. The objective of this pilot study was to estimate the salt intake of Moroccan adults by measuring 24-hour urinary sodium excretion. Methods: 132 participants were recruited from the central region of Morocco. Sodium, potassium and creatinine levels were measured using the 24-hour urine samples. Additional data included anthropometric measurements and socio-demographic questionnaire. Results: The daily sodium, potassium and creatinine excretions were 2779.1±1334.9 mg, 1350.0±642.8 mg and 820.3 ± 381.2 mg, respectively. Data analysis revealed that 71.2% of the participants had a daily sodium intake more than 2000 mg (5g of salt) recommended by the WHO. The mean of potassium excretion was 1350.0±642.8 mg /day, this average was lower than 3.51g per day recommended by the WHO. Conclusion: Public health measures to reduce sodium and increase potassium consumption in order to decrease the population’s risk of high blood pressure and heart disease are recommended.

Subject Areas

hypertension; salt intake; urinary excretion; Morocco

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