Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Modeling the Influence of River Bed Reconstruction on a River Stage Using a Two-Dimensional/ Three-Dimensional Hydrodynamic Model

Version 1 : Received: 10 November 2016 / Approved: 11 November 2016 / Online: 11 November 2016 (18:26:38 CET)

How to cite: Chen, W.; Liu, W. Modeling the Influence of River Bed Reconstruction on a River Stage Using a Two-Dimensional/ Three-Dimensional Hydrodynamic Model . Preprints 2016, 2016110065 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0065.v1). Chen, W.; Liu, W. Modeling the Influence of River Bed Reconstruction on a River Stage Using a Two-Dimensional/ Three-Dimensional Hydrodynamic Model . Preprints 2016, 2016110065 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0065.v1).

Abstract

A large amount of accurate river cross-section data is indispensable for predicting river stages. However, the measured river cross-section data are usually sparse in the transverse direction at each cross-section as well as in the longitudinal direction along the river channel. This study presents three algorithms to resample the river cross-section data points in both the transverse and longitudinal directions from the original data. The resampled cross-section data based on the linear interpolation satisfactorily maintains the topographic and morphological features of the river channel, especially in the meandering river segment. A two-dimensional (2D) high-resolution unstructured-grid hydrodynamic model was used to assess the performance of the original and resampled cross-section data on a simulated river stage under low flow and high flow conditions. The simulated river stages are significantly improved using the resampled cross-section data based on the linear interpolation in the tidal river and non-tidal river segments. Furthermore, the performance of the 2D and three-dimensional (3D) models on the simulated river stage was also evaluated using the resampled cross-section data. The results indicate that the 2D and 3D models reproduce similar river stages in both tidal and non-tidal river segments under the low flow condition. However, the 2D model overestimates the river stages in both the tidal and non-tidal river segments compared to the 3D model under the high flow condition. The model sensitivity was implemented to investigate the influence of bottom drag coefficient and vertical eddy viscosity on river stage. The results reveal that bottom drag coefficient has a minor impact on river stage, but the vertical eddy viscosity is insensitive to river stage.

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