Preprint Review Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Art of Music, as Harmony of the Spheres and Autism Spectrum Disorder

  1. Human Molecular Genetics and Stem Cell Laboratory, Department of Human Genetics & Molecular Biology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, 641046 Tamil Nadu, India
Version 1 : Received: 6 September 2016 / Approved: 6 September 2016 / Online: 6 September 2016 (11:53:58 CEST)

How to cite: Geetha, B.; Sugunadevi, T.; Srija, B.; Laleethambika, N.; Balachandar, V. Art of Music, as Harmony of the Spheres and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Preprints 2016, 2016090022 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201609.0022.v1). Geetha, B.; Sugunadevi, T.; Srija, B.; Laleethambika, N.; Balachandar, V. Art of Music, as Harmony of the Spheres and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Preprints 2016, 2016090022 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201609.0022.v1).

Abstract

Music has the innate potential to reach all parts of the brain, stimulates certain brain areas which are not achievable through other modalities. Music Therapy (MT) is being used for more than a century to treat individuals who needs personalized care. MT optimizes motor, speech and language responsibilities of the brain and improves cognitive performance. Pervasive developmentdisorder (PDD) is a multifaceted, neuro developmental disorder and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) comes under PDD, which is defined by deficiencies in three principal spheres: social connection with others, communicative and normal movement skills. The conventional imaging studies illustrate reduced brain area connectivity in people with ASD, involving selected parts of the brain cortex. People with ASD express much interest in musical activities which engages the brain network areas and improves communication and social skills.The main objective of this review is to analyze the potential role of MT in treating the neurological conditions, particularly ASD. Evidence based studies have reported the extensive therapeutic application of music on various part of the brain in a nonverbal child with autism through hearing or making music.Hence we hypothesized that MT intervention can improve the communication capacity in people with ASD, than customary neurorestoration therapy alone.

Subject Areas

Pervasive developmental disorder; Autism spectrum disorder (ASD); brain network; Theory of Mind (ToM); Music Therapy (MT); therapeutic effect

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