Preprint Article Version 2 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Technical Efficiency and Its Determinants of Rice Production in Cambodia

  1. College of Economics and Management (CEM), Northwest A&F University, 712100 Shaanxi, China
  2. Faculty of Sociology & Community Development, University of Battambang, 053 Battambang, Cambodia
  3. College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering (CWRAE), Northwest A&F University, 712100 Shaanxi, China
Version 1 : Received: 31 July 2016 / Approved: 1 August 2016 / Online: 1 August 2016 (10:09:07 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 12 September 2016 / Approved: 13 September 2016 / Online: 13 September 2016 (10:20:53 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kea, S.; Li, H.; Pich, L. Technical Efficiency and Its Determinants of Rice Production in Cambodia. Economies 2016, 4, 22. Kea, S.; Li, H.; Pich, L. Technical Efficiency and Its Determinants of Rice Production in Cambodia. Economies 2016, 4, 22.

Journal reference: Economies 2016, 4, 22
DOI: 10.3390/economies4040022

Abstract

The present study aims to measure the technical efficiency and establish core factors effecting rice production in Cambodia. Four-years dataset generated from the central government document “Profile on Economics and Social” of entire 25 provinces between 2012-2015 and the stochastic production frontier model (SFA) was applied. The results indicated that the level of output (quantity) of Cambodian rice production varied according to the different level of capital investment in agricultural machineries, total rice actual harvested area, and technically fertilizers application within provinces. Furthermore, evidence revealed the overall mean efficiency of rice production is 78.4% implies that there is still room to further improve technical efficiency by given the same level of inputs and technology. More importantly, the findings revealed that irrigation, production technique and amount of agricultural supporting staffs are being as the most important influencing factors of rice production’s technical efficiency in Cambodia. In conclusion, present study strongly recommends the development of irrigation systems and good water management practices to be considered and bring into more effective actions by the central government as well as related agencies for improving rice production in Cambodia in addition to capital investment and improving technical skills of supporting staffs and rural farmers.

Subject Areas

technical efficiency; SFA; rice production; Cambodia; agriculture; productivity

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